I’ve been working with NPR to discuss a number of the week. This time it’s 1,274 — that’s the total number of racist, Islamophobic and anti-semitic incidents reported in France in 2013. But categorizing hate isn’t straightforward and, as I tell NPR’s Weekend Edition team, it’s even harder to calculate victimization rates for different minority groups. We look instead to opinion surveys (which have their own limitations) and compare France to other European countries. The results, which come from the Pew Research Center, are in the chart below.
Have a listen and tell us in the comments what you think. You can also read more on anti-semitism and Islamophobia in France and how it’s changed over time.